Travel is an activity that not only brings immediate pleasure but also a lasting sense of accomplishment. We as curious humans have an urge to go out and learn new cultures, visit unknown destinations and overall dive into something completely foreign to us.
A great destination to fulfill all of these urges is Peru, and Machu Picchu is the most sought out destination in the country. Words fall short when trying to describe this place, which makes it even more important to go see it for yourself.
Surrounded by majestic mountain peaks and at 2,430 meters (7,970 ft) above sea level, the great Inca Ruins in the sky are truly amazing.
The function of these ruins is still a debate amongst archaeologist. The consensus opinion is that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the great Inca Pachacuteq. It is also considered a pilgrimage site that Incas would take to pay respects to the great Inca leader. The pilgrimage taken to the site is the route now called the Inca Trail.
The engineering genius and precision of the Incas is simply stunning, especially on this little bit of land in the clouds. The Incas mastered the technique called ashlar where blocks of stone are cut to fit together tightly without mortar. The stones are so tightly fit you can’t even fit a blade between them. It is also a testament to the structural integrity of the site that it still stands, through earthquakes, constant torrential rain.
At a dizzying 2,430 meters above sea-level, the view form Machu Picchu on a clear day is breath taking. The famous ruins are surrounded by towering peaks (apus in Quechua) and have views of the surrounding valley.
Machu Picchu Trails
Once you come to the conclusion that a hike to Machu Picchu is the optimal path for you, the task turns into picking the correct trail.
Machu Picchu trails vary but ultimately land on three different possibilities, there are more but let’s focus on the top 3. The classic 4 day Inca trail, The 5 Day Salkantay Trek and the short Inca trail 2 days.
The Classic 4 day Inca trail is the more popular hike in almost any way you look at it. It is a moderately difficult hike that has you hiking straight into Machu Picchu on day 4. Booking for this hike needs to be done 6-8 months in advance or else it will be quite difficult to get a permit.
The short Inca trail 2days, it involves a full day of hiking through the Peruvian highland, in the evening you arrive at Aguas Calientes, the town at the bottom of Machu Picchu. The following morning you either hike to Machu Picchu (2.5 hours) or take the tourist shuttle (20 minutes).
The 5 day Salkantay trek is arguably the most beautiful hike to Machu Picchu. To some, the scenery is superior to the classic 4-day hike albeit a more difficult hike as well.
You will see fewer ruins along the way to Machu Picchu but as a tradeoff the views are spectacular. You are also more likely to spot local wildlife on this hike than any of the others.
While admiring the site, you’re also marveling at the brilliance of the Incas and their culture. At its height, the remarkable empire extended from Peru to Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina and parts of Colombia. Their profound impact is found all over Peru and other parts of South America.
Machu Picchu one of the most famous and spectacular sets of ruins in the world. If you are going to plan to visit Machu Picchu. You need to contact us, We are Inti Sun Trek a reliable and safe travel agency, with a trained staff that will help you to live an unforgettable experience.